he led the second, and ultimately successful, colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States to the region in 1825.

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His late entrance meant his name did not appear on the ballot in two of the five counties, but he still placed second in the field of six candidates.

He was later appointed as a judge for the First Circuit Court.

Over the next few months, Little Rock did become the territorial capital, but Austin's claim to land in the area was contested, and the courts ruled against him. Though Austin was reluctant to carry on his father's Texas venture, he was persuaded to pursue the colonization of Texas by a letter from his mother, Mary Brown Austin, written two days before Moses Austin died.

He was the second child of Moses Austin and Mary Brown Austin; the first, Eliza, lived only one month.

On June 8, 1798, when Stephen was four years old, his family moved west to the lead-mining region of present-day Potosi, Missouri, 40 miles west of the Mississippi River.

His father Moses Austin received a sitio from the Spanish government for the mining site of Mine à Breton, established by French colonists.When Austin was eleven years old, his family sent him back East to be educated, first at the preparatory school of Bacon Academy in Colchester, Connecticut, and then at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky, from which he graduated in 1810.After graduating, Austin began studying to be a lawyer; at age 21, he served in the legislature of the Missouri Territory.As a member of the territorial legislature, he was "influential in obtaining a charter for the struggling Bank of St.Louis." He acquired property on the south bank of the Arkansas River, in the area that would later become Little Rock.After purchasing the property, he learned the area was being considered as the location for the new territorial capital, which could make his land worth a great deal more. Two weeks before the first Arkansas territorial elections in 1820, Austin declared his candidacy for Congress.